Located at about 1200 ft above the sea level, the Edakkal Caves are among the oldest human settlements ever discovered. Inside the caves are pictorial drawings and engravings that indicate the presence of ancient human settlements in the region.
Despite their name, the Edakkal Caves are not actually caves. They are part of a pre historic rock shelter, formed naturally when one huge boulder got wedged between two bigger ones. The name Edakkal itself means “a stone in between”.
The Edakkal cave paintings are remarkable in their sheer scale and complexity, but their origins are shrouded in mystery. Ever since their discovery in 1895, they have been a source of awe and wonder for tourists and historians alike.
The engravings are abundant and of great variety. Human figures, animals, tools, vehicles, day-to-day occurrences and scripts in different language scripts have been discovered here. The diversity of the engravings suggest that the Edakkal caves were inhabited several times at different points in history. The oldest among them date back to 6000 B.C, to the age of Stone Age man.
The engravings are not the only attractions at Edakkal. The Muniyaras, or ancient burial sites that have been discovered in these hills have yielded a rich collection of ancient earthenware and pottery. Most of the artifacts discovered here are now housed in the Wayanad Heritage Museum.
How to Reach:
Calicut International Airport is the nearest airport to Wayanad. Which is 90 km away. Visitors can reach Calicut from any part of the country. Taxis are available at airport to Kalpetta. From Kalpetta To Edakkal Caves, the distance is 26.6 km
Wayanad district is not connected by rail. Visitors can take a train till Kozhikode, the nearest railway station to Wayanad. Kozhikode is connected with with major towns and cities by train. From Kozhikode station, taxis or buses can be boarded to travel to Kalpetta. From Kalpetta To Edakkal Caves, the distance is 26.6 km
One can reach Kalpetta by road from all cities. Bus services from nearby cities to Kalpetta. Distance from Kalpetta to Calicut (75 KM), Mysore (150 KM), Bangalore (290 KM) , Kochi (250 KM), Gudalur (70 Km), Ooty (125 Km). From Kalpetta To Edakkal Caves, the distance is 26.6 km